Elements of Vastu

Elements of Vastu

"Vaastu Shastra" the vedic architecture integrates the science of Ayurveda and Astrology by linking them with human lives. "Vaastu" Combines the earth's magnetic fields, the influence of planets and other celestial bodies along with cosmic rays and plays a vital role in happy family life and prosperity of business.Vaastu Shilpa shastra, the ancient mystic science and art of designing and construction of buildings finds its origin Staptya Veda which in turn is part of Atharva Veda, one of the four vedas.

In today's age & time with growing urbanisation, paucity of space and more significantly the rampant sense of faithlessness in anything that modern science fails to explain, it is practically impossible to even dream of a home or office confirming to the laws of "Vaastu". The entire universe is believed to be made up of five basic elements, namely fire, water, earth, air and space. The human body is also made up of these elements. Basically, these five elements are related to our five senses - that of taste, smell, hearing, touch and sight. The aim of Vastu Shastra is to teach the individuals how to live in a perfect equilibrium and harmony, by balancing these five main elements. Vaastu teaches us how to correct our internal and external imbalances, to ensure a peaceful and stress free life. The article delves at length on the five elements of the ancient architectural practice. Read on to know their importance in Vastu.

Five Elements Of Vaastu Shastra


As the Southwest is the hardest part it can be compared to the earth. The higher this portion is in a building, the higher is the fame and fortune of the owner.Earth, also known as prithvi, is known for its gravitational and magnetic qualities. It is the only element that is connected to all the five senses of the human body - the sense of taste, touch, sound, smell and sight. This is the reason why it influences us the most. Sleeping with the head towards the south enables one to go with the nature and draw maximum positive energies from the cosmos, to keep fit and healthy.


NorthEast is the Jalasthana or the place of water. If a well or an underground water storage facility (Sump) is build here, then the owner of the site is bound to experience happiness and prosperity.Also known as Jal, water is the most important element after earth. It is linked to our senses of taste, touch, sight and hearing. Quantitatively, it is the largest of the five elements, as more than 80% of our body and two-third of earth's surface is made up of water. Vastu rightly determines the placement of water sources, like wells, boring, underground water tank, overhead water tank, etc, while planning any building, to draw the maximum benefits.


Agni (Fire)

The South East is the agnisthana or the place of the fire, hence the kitchen should be constructed here and fire should be lit facing the East, as fire should always be lit facing the East even while cooking , performing a yagna or while lighting the lamp for God.Sun is the primary source of life and energy. It is known for its vitality and strength. Sun is associated with Agni (fire), which is the basis of all energy on earth and without which all life will come to an end. The element of fire is related to sound, touch and sight and its direction is southeast. Geysers, fireplace and kitchen should be located in this direction. Vastu recommends having tall and big trees in the south, to block the harmful rays of sun.



The North-west is the Vayusthana or the place of the wind. Hence the door, window or ventilatttor is to be constructed in the West in Northwest, without obstruction and the owner of such building experiences happiness, improvement in business and good friends. Air is also known as vayu. It is the fundamental element for our survival. This element relates to our senses of sound and touch. The air on earth is a mixture of various gases, like nitrogen, oxygen, helium, and hydrogen, which are essential for human beings. Vastu recommends guidelines to be followed for placement of doors, windows, ventilators, balconies, height of structure and placement of trees and plants, to balance the air element. The air should enter a building from northeast.

Space (Sky)

The sky corresponds to the middle of the building is the Brahmasthana, it is very good if this place is built open to the sky without any Ups and downs in the middle of the building Owners of small sites may not find this idea feasible. Care should be taken, not to place any heavy objects here.Also known as Akash, space has no limits or boundaries; it is infinite. It is linked to our sense of hearing. In a house, the space element is related to the central portion or the brahmasthan. It is important that brahmasthan be kept open. At the same time, the house should be built in such a way that the light enters its centre as well. Any disturbances in the space element prove to be detrimental to growth and progress.

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